There are those that believe that the manner in which Old Testament saints gathered should not be used a model for New Testament congregations. Church = Temple, Priest = Pastor and so on…
Should these Old Testament descriptions of a Pastor, found in the book of Jeremiah, apply to the new covenant pastor?
And I will give you pastors according to mine heart, which shall feed you with knowledge and understanding. Jeremiah 3:15
Pastors are given by God, according to His heart, and they have the task of feeding others with knowledge and understanding.
For the pastors are become brutish, and have not sought the Lord: therefore they shall not prosper, and all their flocks shall be scattered. Jeremiah 10:21
Pastors are not to be “brutish,” which means senseless or stupid. If they are, they will not prosper as a pastor and will become flockless.
Many pastors have destroyed my vineyard, they have trodden my portion under foot, they have made my pleasant portion a desolate wilderness. Jeremiah 12:10
Pastors are not to be destructive of the work place (vineyard). They are step gingerly around the field and not damage young or new growth. They have the ability to turn an organic thriving Kingdom populace into a dry wilderness.
As for me, I have not hastened from being a pastor to follow thee: neither have I desired the woeful day; thou knowest: that which came out of my lips was right before thee. Jeremiah 17:16
Pastors are not to hasten to be Pastors nor make light of oaths to shepherd others.
The priests said not, Where is the Lord? and they that handle the law knew me not: the pastors also transgressed against me, and the prophets prophesied by Baal, and walked after things that do not profit. Jeremiah 2:8
Pastors are distinct from Priests, Prophets, and maybe even Preachers
The wind shall eat up all thy pastors, and thy lovers shall go into captivity: surely then shalt thou be ashamed and confounded for all thy wickedness. Jeremiah 22:22
Pastors are first in line to be destroyed, consumed, and imprisoned.
Therefore thus saith the Lord God of Israel against the pastors that feed my people; Ye have scattered my flock, and driven them away, and have not visited them: behold, I will visit upon you the evil of your doings, saith the Lord. Jeremiah 23:2
Pastors will be recompensed according to their deeds.
Compare these multiple references from Jeremiah to the singular NT mention of the word “Pastor” in Ephesians 4:11
“And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers.”
Pastors are just one of many God gives to mature the church and unify it.
Do all of these descriptions of a Pastor in the Old Testament apply to Pastors today?
If not, which do not? If so, what are the implications?
and the most provoking question:
What’s the biblical difference between a Pastor and a Preacher?